A recent decision by Judge Rya Zobel of the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts has provided new assurances for employers as they struggle to protect their interests in enforcing workplace anti-harassment policies and maintaining workplace security by reviewing e-mail stored on company computer systems.
After the enactment of the Zoning Act, G.L. c. 40A, by Chapter 808 of the acts of 1975, every city and town in Massachusetts, with the exception of Boston, has adopted or amended a zoning bylaw or ordinance to conform with the Zoning Act. (There is no practical difference between town bylaws and city ordinances with regard to the matters discussed in this Article. Accordingly, for convenience, zoning bylaws and ordinances are collectively referred to as "bylaws." However, because Chapter 40A does not apply to the City of Boston, the comments in this Article may not be relevant to Boston properties.) Municipalities frequently amend their zoning bylaws to address the specific needs and objectives of the community. For example, municipalities may control growth by increasing minimum lot size and frontage requirements. In addition, communities often add or eliminate uses in order to modernize the scope of their zoning or to protect the integrity of residential zoning districts.